At least 28, 508 Nigerians have been killed during various crises in the country in the last four years. Among the crises that have been confronting the country are the Boko Haram insurgency in the North, Fulani herdsmen-farmers violence, community/ethnic violence and extra-judicial killings.
According to the Nigeria Security Tracker, which documents and maps violence that is motivated by political, economic, social grievances in Nigeria, Borno State is the hardest hit with 13, 286 deaths and followed by Yobe State with 1, 341.
Others are Plateau, 1, 509; Kaduna, 999; Adamawa, 807; Kano, 775; Benue, 766; Nasarawa, 529; Taraba, 479; Bauchi, 177; Jigawa, 17; Katsina, 154; Zamfara, 433; Sokoto, 28; Kebbi, 04; Niger, 75; Abuja, 180; Kwara, 40; Kogi, 113; Cross River, 88; Ebonyi, 71; Edo, 137; Enugu, 29; Akwa Ibom, 48; Anambra 330; Imo, 17; Abia, 05; Bayelsa, 106; Delta, 198; Oyo, 23; Osun, 16; Ekiti, 10; Ondo, 19; Ogun, 212; Lagos, 316; and Rivers, 128.
The Nigeria Security Tracker, which was established by the Council on Foreign Relations, focuses on violence related to Boko Haram and other militant activities, communal or ethno-religious conflict, extra-judicial killings by state security, and kidnappings or other violent incidents that have a clear political dimension.
The NST, which began its catalogue of the violent incidents from May 29, 2011, the day Jonathan was inaugurated as the President, recorded that October 2012 was by far Nigeria’s deadliest month in the 16 -month period since June 2011. During that month, three days of ongoing attacks by Boko Haram terrorists in Yobe State left no fewer than 30 people dead, including a former government official.
In Borno State, the state bordering Chad and Cameroon, the military went on a rampage after a bombing injured two soldiers, killing at least 30 civilians.
In Benue State, communal conflict led to the deaths of at least 30 people and the destruction of homes and farmland, while a suicide bombing at a church in Kaduna State killed eight people and triggered reprisal attacks that led to the death of at least two more. In total, at least 600 people were killed in October 2012.
In 2011, Boko Haram violence was largely confined to Nigeria’s North-East, but expanded its frontiers by the end of 2012.
This year alone, Boko Haram-related attacks have been recorded in 14 of the country’s 36-six states.
Aside from the killings, socio-economic and politically motivated violence in Nigeria have also led to increasing numbers of Internally Displaced People.
The IDP population in Nigeria is conservatively put at about 3.3 million, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre March 2014 figures
The IDPs are also to be found in Nassarawa, Benue, Taraba and even Kaduna states where there have been inter-tribal and communal conflicts.
An elder statesman and former governor of old Kaduna State, Alhaji Balarabe Musa, expressed worry over the growing terrorist activities.
Musa, who asked the President to adopt effective and formidable strategy to end the menace, said apart from those killed by the Boko Haram sect, many other innocent citizens might have been killed by security agents in the course of fighting the violent group.